Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP)

The Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) is an information security certification for security analysts. It was created by the International Information Systems Security Certification Consortium (ISC). The certification was created to ensure professionals in computer security have standardized knowledge of the field. Earning a Certified Information Systems Security Professional certificate can help you have a successful career as a computer security professional.

What Is the CISSP?

The Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) exam is a six-hour exam consisting of 250 questions that certifies security professionals in ten different areas, of access control systems and methodology, business continuity planning and disaster recovery planning, physical security, operations, security, management practices, telecommunications and networking security. Other areas important to the CISSP certification are cryptography, security architecture application and systems development, law, investigation, and ethics.

How to Become Certified

To become certified as a CISSP, you will need at least five years of full-time, paid work as a security analyst in two or more of the eight domains covered in the CISSP, such as cryptography and software development security There are experience wavers available for those with college degrees and additional credentials if these are approved by the (ISC). You also can become an Associate of the (ISC) and earn the CISSP when you meet your experience requirement. The next step is to prepare for and pass the exam. You will need to have a score a minimum of 700 out of 1000 points to pass the exam.

After passing the exam, you will need to have an endorsement in subscribing to the (ISC) Code of Ethics and you will have to have endorsement from another (ISC) professional who can verify your professional experience requirements such as length of employment, professional reputation, and continuing education as a security analyst. Obtaining a professional endorsement from a current member is the reason it important to belong to professional organizations and to participate in professional seminars and events. These are useful career moves that are useful for networking with potential endorsers of your CISSP application.

A CISSP certification requires an annual maintenance fee of $85 at the end of each certification year, and you must take the test every three years to remain a member in good standing with the certification. You must earn at least a minimum of 20 Continuing Professional Education (CPE) credits each year within the three-year certification cycle. You can re-certify by completing 40 annual CPEs and paying the annual maintenance fee. These classes can be taken at a university or through online courses dedicated to security issues.

How to Prepare for the CISSP

Security professionals who study for the CISSP should be able to explain issues such as architecture and access control for protecting information system assets. In being able to explain these issues to clients and other stakeholders, the analyst must know how to assess the business or organization’s current operations policies for incident response and make recommendations to those concerned for improvements to business or organization security. Knowing how to explain the importance of disaster recovery policies and demonstrate multiple and effective strategies to clients and stakeholders is a key skill tested in the CISSP. As part of the communication process, security analysts must compare and contrast different cryptographic protocols and be able to make recommendations based on this analysis of security needs. Creating systems of policies, standards, procedures, and guidelines with clients and stakeholders in mind should be the end goal of a CISSP analyst who earns certification.

In terms of technical knowledge, CISSP analysts must demonstrate proficiency in a number of areas. Proficiency in network architecture and design, being able to implement network architecture to anticipate threats and best use given sometimes limited resources. This includes demonstrating clear understanding software security applications life cycle effectiveness. CISSP analysts also should have the ability to collect digital forensic evidence while maintaining the integrity of the evidence gathered. They also must demonstrate knowledge of physical security systems and how they add value to network security systems.

Why Get CISSP Certification?

A Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) is essential for security professionals to be successful in their careers. Many employers value the CISSP for its designation as a standard for security professionals. While the investments in time and money are substantial, the career rewards can be valuable as professionals with the CISSP are in demand.

Burning Glass Technologies, a career site, reports that nearly one fourth of cyber security job postings in 2015 requested the CISSP. According to the (ISC), “certified information security professionals earn a worldwide average of 25 percent more than their non-certified counterparts.” Being a CISSP professional can lead to higher pay and a more rapid advancement in the security analyst field. Security professional positions such as network security specialists, senior security engineers, information security manager, or chief security officers can all benefit from CISSP certification training.

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